Weather + Time – Spanish for GCSE, CSEC, K12

Weather + Time – Spanish for GCSE, CSEC, K12

WEATHER & TIME

Weather in Spanish

How do we ask about weather in Spanish? 

The most commonly used expression to ask about the weather in Spanish is 

‘¿Qué tiempo hace?’

What is the weather like?

 

 

However, there are other expressions used to ask about weather. These are:- 

¿Qué clima hace?

What is the climate like? 

 

¿Cómo está el clima en _______?

How is the climate in ____? 

 

¿Cómo está el tiempo?

How is the weather? 

 

¿Cómo está el clima hoy?

How is the climate today? 

 

 

How do we express different types of weather in Spanish?   

There are three MAIN verbs used to express the weather in Spanish. These are: 

Hay 

Hace 

Está 

 

Expressions using ‘Hay’   

Hay niebla.

It is foggy. 

 

Hay neblina.

It is misty. 

 

Hay sol.

The sun is shining.              

 

Hay luna.

The moon is out. 

 

Hay nubes.

It is cloudy. 

 

Hay humedad.

It is humid. 

 

Hay lluvias torrenciales.

It is raining heavily. 

 

Hay un vendaval.

There is a windstorm. 

 

Hay lluvia.

There is rain. 

 

Hay lloviznas.

It is drizzling. 

 

Hay truenos.

There is thunder. 

 

Hay nieve.

There is snow. 

 

Hay relámpagos.

There is lightning. 

 

Hay granizo.

There is hail. 

 

  

Expressions using ‘Hace’ 

Hace calor.

It is hot. 

 

Hace sol.

It is sunny. 

 

Hace frío.

It is cold. 

 

Hace viento.

It is windy. 

 

Hace fresco.

It is cool. 

 

Hace buen tiempo.

The weather is good. 

 

Hace mal tiempo.

The weather is bad. 

 

 

Expressions using ‘Está’ 

Está oscuro.

It is dark. 

 

Está nublado.

It is cloudy. 

 

Está lluvioso.

It is rainy. 

 

Está nevando.

It is snowing. 

 

Está lloviendo.

It is raining. 

 

Está despejado.

It is clear. 

 

Está helado.

It is frozen. 

 

Está ventoso.

It is windy. 

 

 

Other Expressions   

Llueve. (from llover)

It rains. 

 

Nieva. (from nevar)

It snows. 

 

Truena. (from tronar)

It thunders. 

 

Llovizna. (from lloviznar)

It drizzles. 

 

http://www.lingolex.com/weather.htm 

http://www.spanishdaddy.com/learnspanish/learnspanishweather.aspx 

  

 

TIME in Spanish

How do we ask about the time in Spanish? 

¿Qué hora es?

What is the time?                         

  

Time is broken up into two parts: 

On the hour 

Addition to the hour 

 

ON THE HOUR 

To form this time, there are two steps:

Use the appropriate ‘SER’ form of the verb [‘es’ for 1 o’clock, ‘son’ for others] 

Add the appropriate number. 

 

Examples:   

Es la una.

It is 1 o’clock. 

 

Son las tres.

It is 3 o’clock. 

 

ADDITION TO THE HOUR   

This group is broken into TWO groups :- 

The ‘Y’ group 

The ‘MENOS’ group 

 

THE ‘Y’ GROUP   

To form times with hours and minutes, use ‘Y’ to connect the hour and the number of minutes. 

Examples:            
Son las dos y diez.
It is ten past two. 

 

Es la una y veinte.

It is twenty past one. 

 

Son las tres y media.

It is half past three. 

 

Son las cinco y cuarto.

It is quarter past five. 

 

THE ‘MENOS’ GROUP 

After the half-hour mark, use the FOLLOWING hour plus the number of minutes. 

 

Examples:             

Son las siete menos cinco.

It is five to seven (6:55). 

 

Es la una menos diez.

It is ten to one (12:50). 

 

Son las dos menos cuarto.

It is quarter to two(8:45). 

 

TIME IN A SENTENCE 

When you are stating a time in Spanish, you have to use the preposition ‘A’. 

This applies to questions about time also! 

Examples:             

Ella se despierta a las cinco.

She wakes up at five. 

 

Juan va a las tres.

Juan is going at three. 

 

¿A qué hora sale el tren?

At what time does the train leave? 

 

 

When expressing the time of a certain period of the day, the preposition ‘DE’ precedes the period of the day. 

Examples:             

Ella reza a las seis de la mañana.

She prays at six in the morning. 

 

Son las tres de la tarde.

It is three in the afternoon. 

 

Mi hija llega a las ocho de la noche.

My daughter arrives at eight in the night. 

 

OTHER USEFUL EXPRESSIONS OF TIME 

el mediodía

midday, noon 

 

la medianoche

midnight 

 

la mañana

morning 

 

por la mañana

in the morning 

 

por la tarde

in the afternoon 

 

por la noche

in the evening 

 

mañana

tomorrow, morning 

 

mañana por la mañana

tomorrow morning 

 

ayer

yesterday 

 

ayer por la tarde

yesterday afternoon 

 

anteayer

the day before yesterday 

 

anoche

last night 

 

en punto

on the dot 

 

a tiempo

on time 

 

a veces

at times 

 

http://spanish.about.com/cs/forbeginners/a/telling_time.htm 

 

HOME WORK EXERCISE

Translate the following sentences based on the vocabulary above. 

 

It is twenty to seven in the morning. 

 

My brother eats at two. 

 

The weather is good today. 

 

It is raining in Arima. 

 

Tomorrow morning I will write the letter. 

 

He arrived at the party at six on the dot. 

 

The is a lot of hail in Mexico. 

 

At times, the moon is out. 

 

I saw that dog the day before yesterday. 

 

It is snowing here. 

 

Every night at midnight it rains. 

 

I ate the apple at thirteen minutes to three.