Negation in Spanish – Spanish Study Guides for GCSE, CSEC, K12

Negation in Spanish – Spanish Study Guides for GCSE, CSEC, K12

NEGATION 

What is NEGATION? 

Negation is the process by which an affirmative sentence is changed to a negative sentence due to the addition of negative pronouns.  In Spanish, the most commonly used Negative Pronoun is ‘no’, meaning ‘not’ in English. However, there are many other commonly used negative words in Spanish. These are: - 

 

Nobody

nadie 

 

None

ninguno/a/os/as 

 

Nothing

nada 

 

Never

nunca 

 

Nowhere

por ninguna parte 

 

Neither

tampoco 

 

Neither…nor

ni…ni 

 

 

How do we form Negative sentences? 

There are two main ways to make a sentence negative in Spanish.  The first way is placing ‘NO’ directly before the verb and the appropriate negative pronoun directly after the verb. 

Examples:

No hay nadie en este edificio.

There is no one in this building. 

 

Pepe no trabaja nunca los domingos.

Pepe never works on Sundays. 

 

The second way is placing the negative pronoun before the verb. In this option, the pronoun ‘no’ is NOT used. 

Examples:

Nadie está en este edificio.

There is no one in the building. 

 

Pepe nunca trabaja los domingos.

Pepe never works on Sundays. 

 

 

HOME WORK 

Change the following affirmative sentences into negative sentences by inserting the appropriate negative pronoun/s. 

 

Example

Tengo hambre

I am hungry. (affirmative) 

No tengo hambre.

I am not hungry. (negative) 

 

Ella vive en Trinidad

She lives in Trinidad. 

 

Pablo siempre va a la escuela.

Paul always goes to school. 

 

¿Vas por alguna parte?

Are you going somewhere? 

 

O ella o su amiga tiene su diccionario.

Either she or her friend has his dictionary. 

 

Recibimos algo en ese paquete.

We received something in that package. 

 

Yo vi a alguien en esa oficina.

I saw someone in that office. 

 

Cantan los viernes.

They sing on Fridays. 

 

Quiere algo.

He wants something. 

 

Algunos animales pueden ser domesticados.

Some animals can be tamed. 

 

Yo siempre hago mis deberes antes de acostarme.

I always do my home work before going to bed.