Imperative Mood in Spanish – Spanish for GCSE, CSEC, K12

Imperative Mood in Spanish – Spanish for GCSE, CSEC, K12

THE IMPERATIVE MOOD 

What is the Imperative Mood? This MOOD is used to express commands or requests. It can also be used to give affirmative and/ or negative orders. The Imperative is NOT a tense; it is a MOOD. It only occurs in the present tense. 

 

FORM THE IMPERATIVE FOR ‘-AR’ VERBS? 

Take the infinitive of your verb

HABLAR 

 

Take off the ending of the verb

HABLAR 

 

Use the root left (‘habl’) with the following endings: 

Subject Pronoun 

Formation 

Yo 

Tú 

habla 

Él, Ella, Usted 

hable 

Nosotros 

hablemos 

Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes 

hablen 

 

Examples: 

Juan, look at that!

¡Juan, mira eso! 

 

Girls, walk along the street!

¡Chicas, anden por la calle! 

 

FORM THE IMPERATIVE FOR ‘-ER’ AND ‘-IR’ VERBS? 

Take the infinitive of your verb

BARRER 

 

Take off the ending of the verb

BARRER 

 

Use the root left (‘barr’) with the following endings:- 

Subject Pronoun 

Formation 

Yo 

Tú 

barre 

Él, Ella, Usted 

barra 

Nosotros 

barramos 

Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes 

barran 

 

Examples:

Run slowly, Tomas!

¡Corra lentamente, Tomas! 

 

Eat all of your vegetables!

¡Come todas tus legumbres! 

 

 

NEGATIVE COMMANDS 

When expressing negative commands, the above formations are NOT used. Instead, the PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE is used. 

Examples:              

Do not close the window!

¡No cierres la ventana!

 

Students, do not fail this exam!

¡Estudiantes, no suspendan este examen!

 

Ana, do not add a lot of sugar!

¡Ana, no añadas mucho azúcar!

 

 

 

 

HOME WORK 

Find the IMPERATIVE form of the following verbs. 

ser 

 

estar 

 

ir 

 

decir 

 

poner 

 

tener 

 

venir 

 

hacer 

 

 

 

USEFUL WEB LINKS 

http://spanish.about.com/library/weekly/aa082701a.htm 

http://www.elearnspanishlanguage.com/grammar/verbs/imperative.html 

http://spanish.speak7.com/spanish_conditional_imperative_mood.htm