Forming Adjectives in Spanish – Spanish for GCSE, CSEC, K12

Forming Adjectives in Spanish – Spanish for GCSE, CSEC, K12

FORMING ADJECTIVES 

Spanish Adjectives have the same function as those in English: they describe the noun. However, the main difference between the two is that the adjectives in Spanish have to agree to the corresponding noun in number or gender, that is to say, the adjective will change if the noun is masculine or feminine or even if it is singular or plural. 

 

CHANGING ADJECTIVES ACCORDING TO GENDER 

Changing an adjective from masculine to feminine is rather simple. When masculine adjectives end in “O”, the movement to feminine simply requires changing the last “O” to “A”. 

Examples:     

caro / cara

expensive 

 

contento / contenta

happy 

 

alto / alta

tall 

 

 

If a masculine adjective ends in any other letter, there is NO change when the noun is feminine. 

Examples:             

grande

big 

 

feliz

happy 

 

 

CHANGING ADJECTIVES ACCORDING TO NUMBER 

Changing adjectives to the plural form usually requires only the addition of one “S” to the end because most adjectives end in vowels.  

Examples:              

amable / amables

friendly 

 

loco / locos

crazy              

The movement from singular to plural does not change the definition of any adjective. 

Some adjectives, however, end in different consonants. Generally these simple require the addition of “-ES” to the end of the adjective. 

Example:

fatal / fatales

fatal 

 

When adjectives end in “Z”, the “Z” is changed to “C” and then the “ES” is added to the end. 

Examples:             

feliz / felices

happy 

 

feroz / feroces

ferocious                                    

 

Always keep in mind that Adjectives are usually placed AFTER the noun, unlike English

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home Work 

Adjust the adjective in the bracket to agree with the noun which precedes it. 

Las inundaciones _____________ (peligroso) 

 

El gato ________________ (astuto) 

 

El hombre _____________ (borracho) 

 

Los edificios _________________ (grande) 

 

Una flor _______________ (colorido) 

 

Una experiencia _____________ (sobresaliente) 

 

Mi hermano ______________ (bajo) 

 

Los individuos _______________ (perezoso) 

 

La mano _______________ (poderoso) 

 

Tu perro _________________ (inteligente) 

 

La boda _______________ (simple) 

 

La iglesia ________________ (antiguo) 

 

Nuestros cursos __________________ (complejo) 

 

El aparato _________________ (necesario) 

 

Mi computadora __________________ (barato) 

 

El amigo ______________ (chino) 

 

La  aldea ___________________ (lejos) 

 

La carta _________________ (serio) 

 

Su professor _________________ (avergonzado) 

 

El mapa _____________ (entero) 

 

* Look up the meanings of new words also!