Demonstratives – Spanish Study Guides for GCSE, CSEC, K12

Demonstratives – Spanish Study Guides for GCSE, CSEC, K12

DEMONSTRATIVES 

Demonstrative Adjectives 

In English, Demonstrative Adjectives are those which point to something in particular, for example, “this”, “that”, “these” and “those”. These also exist in Spanish, however, they have to agree in number and gender.                     

THIS/THESE 

GENDER 

FORMATION 

Masculine Singular 

Este 

Feminine Singular 

Esta 

Neuter Singular 

Esto 

Masculine Plural 

Estos 

Feminine Plural 

Estas 

 

Examples:

Esta falda              -              This skirt 

Estos libros          -              These books   

 

 THAT/ THOSE (NEAR) 

GENDER 

FORMATION 

Masculine Singular 

ese 

Feminine Singular 

esa 

Neuter Singular 

eso 

Masculine Plural 

esos 

Feminine Plural 

esas 

 

Examples:

Ese carro             -              That car 

Esas mesas          -              Those tables 

 

 

THAT/ THOSE (FAR) 

GENDER 

FORMATION 

Masculine Singular 

aquel 

Feminine Singular 

aquella 

Neuter Singular 

aquello 

Masculine Plural 

aquellos 

Feminine Plural 

aquellas 

 

Examples:

Aquellos barrios              -              Those neighbourhoods 

Aquella oportunidad      -              That opportunity 

 

Note well: 

The reason for a Neuter form is that it is used when the gender of a noun is not known or when referring to an idea. (E.G.:- Eso es absurdo.)

The difference between este, ese and aquel is that este mean this here by me, while ese is that there by you, and aquel is that over there far away from both of us. 

 

 

The Demonstrative Pronoun 

The main difference between the Demonstrative Pronoun and the Demonstrative Adjective is the fact that all the forms of the Demonstrative Pronoun, except the neuter, take an accent on the first “e”. Therefore, when the demonstrative occurs without a noun immediately after, you need an accent. 

 

Note well:

The Singular forms ending in “O” NEVER have an accent. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOME WORK EXERCISE 

Translate the following sentences. 

Who did this? 

Why did you bring that pencil? 

What is that? 

This bakery has many types of bread. 

That country has a lot of violence. 

I am going to carry these erasers. 

They are going to sell those books on that table. 

Why are you eating those? 

These snacks are delicious. 

Those keys open this cupboard.