Definite & Indefinite Articles – Spanish Study Guides for GCSE, CSEC

Definite & Indefinite Articles – Spanish Study Guides for GCSE, CSEC

DEFINITE/ INDEFINITE ARTICLES 

 

 

Masculine 

Singular 

Feminine 

Singular 

Masculine 

Plural 

Feminine 

Plural 

DEFINITE 

(the) 

el 

la 

los 

las 

INDEFINITE 

(a,an) 

un 

una 

unos 

unas 

 

 

USE OF ARTICLES   

The Definite Article is used when referring to nouns in a general sense :-   

Examples :    

El trigo es un producto importante.

Wheat is an important product. 

 

Los españoles no piensan así.

Spaniards do not think like that. 

 

 

The Definite Article is also used when a language is the subject of the sentence. 

Examples :

El español no es difícil.

Spanish is not difficult. 

 

 

‘EL’ or ‘LOS’ is used for saying ‘on’ a particular day of the week. 

Examples :

El sábado…

On Saturday… 

 

Los sábados…

On Saturdays… 

 

 

The Definite Article is used before Señor, Señorita, Señora, Doctor, Padre or other titles when these persons are being talked ABOUT, not directly to the person. 

Examples :

El Señor Rámirez acaba de llegar.

Mr. Ramirez has just arrived. 

 

 

 

OMISSION OF ARTICLES 

Definite Articles are omitted when using the conjunctions ‘SIN’ or ‘CON’, with a noun following. 

Example:

Él salió de la casa sin corbata.

He left the house without a tie. 

 

 

Articles are also omitted after the use of “SER” or “HACERSE” with a civil status or occupation. 

Example:

Él es profesor.

He is a teacher. 

 

Ella es casada.

She is married.