All Tenses in Spanish | Spanish

All Tenses in Spanish | Spanish

All Tenses - Spanish

FUTURE                         

The future tense indicates, as the name suggests, an action that has not yet happened, that is to say, one that will be done in the future. 

 

[It is associated with the English helping verb ‘WILL’] 

 

HOW DO WE FORM THE FUTURE TENSE FOR ALL VERBS? 

In the future tense you need NOT take off the ending, as in the Present. 

Use the INFINITIVE form with the following endings : - 

 

Subject Pronoun 

Formation 

Yo 

limpiaré 

Tú 

limpiarás 

Él, Ella, Usted 

limpiará 

Nosotros 

limpiaremos 

Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes 

limpiarán 

 

This conjugation is used for ALL verb types, i.e. –AR, -ER and –IR verbs!

 

Examples:

Ustedes aprenderán la lengua nueva.

You will learn the new language.

 

 

Ella ayudará al mendigo.

She will help the beggar. 

 


SIMPLE PAST/ PRETERITE 

 

In Spanish, the Preterite or Simple Past Tense refers to a single completed action in the past. 

 

HOW DO WE FORM THE PRETERITE TENSE FOR ‘-AR’ VERBS? 

 

Take the infinitive of your verb.

LIMPIAR 

 

Take off the ending of the verb.

LIMPIAR 

 

Use the root left (‘limpi’) with the following endings:- 

Subject Pronoun 

Formation 

Yo 

limpié 

Tú 

limpiaste 

Él, Ella, Usted 

limpió 

Nosotros 

Limpiamos 

Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes 

Limpiaron 

 

Examples:

Ellas arreglaron el armario.

They arranged the cupboard. 

 

¿Tú charlaste con tu jefe?

Did you speak to your boss? 

 

HOW DO WE FORM THE PRETERITE TENSE FOR ‘-ER’ AND ‘-IR’ VERBS?   

Take the infinitive of your verb.

BARRER 

 

Take off the ending of the verb.

BARRER 

 

Use the root left (‘barr’) with the following endings:

Subject Pronoun 

Formation 

Yo 

Barrí 

Tú 

Barriste 

Él, Ella, Usted 

Barrio 

Nosotros 

Barrimos 

Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes 

Barrieron 

This conjugation is used for BOTH -ER and –IR verbs!

 


 

IMPERFECT 

This tense is used to indicate habitual action in the past or any action that did not have a specified time of completion in the past. 

It is associated with the English forms ‘used to’ do something or was doing.

 

HOW DO WE FORM THE IMPERFECT TENSE FOR ‘-AR’ VERBS? 

 

Take the infinitive of your verb.

LIMPIAR 

 

Take off the ending of the verb.

LIMPIAR 

 

Use the root left (‘limpi’) with the following endings:

Subject Pronoun 

Formation 

Yo 

limpiaba 

Tú 

limpiabas 

Él, Ella, Usted 

limpiaba 

Nosotros 

limpiábamos 

Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes 

limpiaban 

 

HOW DO WE FORM THE PRETERITE TENSE FOR ‘-ER’ AND ‘-IR’ VERBS?   

Take the infinitive of your verb.

BARRER 

 

Take off the ending of the verb.

BARRER 

 

Use the root left (‘barr’) with the following endings:

Subject Pronoun 

Formation 

Yo 

barría 

Tú 

barrías 

Él, Ella, Usted 

barría 

Nosotros 

barríamos 

Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes 

barrían 

 

This conjugation is used for BOTH -ER and –IR verbs!   

Examples:

Ella estacionaba en la calle.

She used to park in the street. 

 

Yo pertenecía a un club deportivo.

I used to belong to a sports club. 

 

HOMEWORK EXERCISE 

Translate the following sentences using the appropriate tense. 

 

My father used to work in a big factory. 

 

Did you teach the lesson yesterday? 

 

I will look for the Chemistry book. 

 

Every Sunday, they walk to the park. 

 

She believes that false story. 

 

He was eating all my food. 

 

She danced like my best friend. 

 

They will not find the keys. 

 

Look for ONE (1) IRREGULAR verb for each of the above tenses and write their formations, like the tables above.