# Multiplication and Division

## Multiplication

To multiply means to add the multiplicand together as many times as the multiplier dictates.

**Example:**

4 x 6 means that 4 should be added together 6 times.

Therefore, 4 x 6 = 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 24

**Example:**

Multiply 78 and 29.

Now, add the two answers together, making sure beforehand that there is a 0 in the ones place of your second answer.

Therefore, your final answer to 78 x 29 should be equal to 2262.

## Division

Division answers the question of how many times does a value “fit” into another value.

Example:

56 / 8 = 7 because 7 x 8 = 56.

### The Long Division Method

Note Well:

**written otherwise, we have 125 / 5 = 25**