‘Adjectives’ in Spanish | Spanish Study Guides

‘Adjectives’ in Spanish | Spanish Study Guides

‘Adjectives’ in Spanish | Spanish Study Guides

 

 

ADJECTIVES IN SPANISH

   

As a general rule, adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun or nouns that they describe. There are particular rules which govern the manner in which you allow an adjective to agree. These are: - 

  

  1. The ‘O’ ending of most adjectives changes to ‘A’ in order to change gender, and an ‘S’ is added to alter number. 

  

Example:              rojo              roja              rojos              rojas 

  

  1. Adjectives that end in ‘E’ or any consonant usually have NO change for the feminine form. 

  

Example:              azul                            azul                            azules                            azules 

                                          verde                            verde                            verdes                            verdes 

  

  1. When expressing a nationality in plural or feminine, an ‘A is added instead of leaving the feminine form as rule stated above. 

  

Examples:              inglés                            inglesa                            ingleses              inglesas 

  

  1. When a noun ends in ‘ÁN’, ‘ÓN’, ‘ÍN’ or ‘OR’, remove the accent when pluralizing the adjective. 

Examples:              mandón              mandones 

                            hablador              habladores 

  

  1. There are some adjectives that end in ‘A’ regardless of gender. These simply need the addition of ‘S’ to become plural. 

Examples:              belga              belga              belgas              belgas 

  

SHORTENED ADJECTIVES 

  

There are some adjectives that drop the final letter(s) when used BEFORE the noun. These are: - 

  • Bueno                            =>              buen 
  • Malo                            =>              mal 
  • Primero              =>              primer 
  • Tercero              =>              tercer 
  • Alguno              =>              algún 
  • Ninguno              =>              ningún 

  

POSITION OF ADJECTIVES 

  

There are some adjectives which vary their meaning according to their position, that is, when in front of the noun, the meaning is different to when the adjective is placed after the noun. 

  

ADJECTIVE 

MEANING BEFORE NOUN 

MEANING AFTER NOUN 

Antiguo 

Former 

Ancient 

Cierto 

Certain 

undoubted 

Medio 

Half 

Average 

Pobre 

Wretched 

Not rich 

Varios 

Several 

Assorted 

  

NOTE:              ‘AMBOS’, ‘MUCHOS’, ‘OTRO’, ‘POCO’, ‘TANTO’, ‘CADA’ only 

                            occur in front of the noun.